The City of Garland Health Department (GHD) will investigate any travel or locally transmitted Zika cases in humans and conduct vector control processes to help prohibit the local mosquito populations from becoming infected with the zika virus. So far, no human Zika cases have been investigated in 2017.
Zika is a mosquito-transmitted disease caused by the Zika virus. Symptoms typically occur 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. These individuals typically develop mild symptoms that include fever, joint pain, red itchy eyes (conjunctivitis) and rash. Zika virus is usually mild compared to other mosquito-borne illnesses like dengue fever, West Nile Virus, and chikungunya. Only one in five people infected with Zika will feel ill, though symptoms in some individuals may be more severe. The association between Zika and Guillain - Barre syndrome is under investigation.
Until recently, Zika was considered a mild disease with few lasting effects. However public health officials are now concerned that pregnant women who contract Zika can pass the virus on to their unborn babies, which may result in a birth defect known as microcephaly. Microcephaly is a condition where the fetal brain and head do not fully develop and reach normal size. Currently, there is no vaccine or preventive treatment for Zika, nor is there a cure for microcephaly.
The two mosquitoes known to carry Zika are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Both of these mosquitoes are common in Texas, including Garland. These Aedes mosquitoes are active throughout the day and into the evening. Therefore it is critical to protect against mosquito bites both day and night.
Currently, the only transmission of Zika in the United States has been through sexual transmission from a person who was infected with Zika transmitted by a mosquito when he traveled to a country where the mosquito population is infected. There have been no reported cases of Zika in the United States where the disease was transmitted from mosquito in the United States. All mosquito transmitted cases have occurred in other countries.
The Garland Health Department is conducting active surveillance for Zika cases in the population and also conducting field surveillance for the ?Aedes? mosquitoes in our community. Any information concerning current Zika cases will be posted on this website. If you have any further questions concerning Zika, please call the Garland Health Department at 972-205-3460. If you would like to report standing water, stagnant swimming pools, or an abundance of mosquitoes in your area, this can be reported through the Garland eAssist app or by reporting it to the mosquito hotline at 972-205-3720.
If you are concerned that you may have Zika and have traveled to a Zika infected area within the last 28 days, please contact your local physician to see if you meet the requirements for Zika testing.